JOURNAL ARTICLE

Anastomotic leakage after curative rectal cancer resection has no impact on long-term survival: a propensity score analysis

Sabrina M Ebinger, René Warschkow, Ignazio Tarantino, Bruno M Schmied, Lukas Marti
International Journal of Colorectal Disease 2015, 30 (12): 1667-75
26245949

PURPOSE: Anastomotic leakage (AL) is a severe and frequent complication of rectal cancer resection, with an incidence rate of approximately 9 %. Although the impact of AL on morbidity and short-term mortality has been established, the literature is contradictory regarding its influence on long-term, cancer-specific survival. The present investigation assessed the long-term survival of 584 patients with stage I-III rectal cancer.

METHODS: The 10-year overall survival and cancer-specific survival were analyzed in 584 patients from a single tertiary center. All patients had undergone curative rectal cancer resection between 1991 and 2010. Patients with and without AL were compared using both a multivariate Cox hazards model and propensity score analysis.

RESULTS: A total of 64 patients developed AL (11.0 %, 95 % confidence interval (CI) = 8.7 to 13.8 %). The median follow-up was 5.2 years for all patients; and 7.4 years for patients still alive at the end of the investigated period. AL did persistently not impair cancer-specific survival based on unadjusted Cox regression (hazard ratio of death (HR) = 1.27, 95 % CI = 0.65 to 2.48, P = 0.489); risk-adjusted Cox regression (HR = 1.10, 95 % CI = 0.54 to 2.20, P = 0.799); and propensity score matching (HR = 1.18, 95 % CI = 0.57 to 2.43, P = 0.660).

CONCLUSIONS: Based on the present propensity score analysis, the oncologic outcomes in patients undergoing curative rectal cancer resections were not impaired by the development of anastomotic leakage.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
26245949
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"