Novel Approach to Three-Dimensional Echocardiographic Quantification of Right Ventricular Volumes and Function from Focused Views

Diego Medvedofsky, Karima Addetia, Amit R Patel, Anke Sedlmeier, Rolf Baumann, Victor Mor-Avi, Roberto M Lang
Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography 2015, 28 (10): 1222-31

BACKGROUND: Echocardiographic assessment of the right ventricle is difficult because of its complex shape. Three-dimensional echocardiographic (3DE) imaging allows more accurate and reproducible analysis of the right ventricle than two-dimensional methodology. However, three-dimensional volumetric analysis has been hampered by difficulties obtaining consistently high-quality coronal views, required by the existing software packages. The aim of this study was to test a new approach for volumetric analysis without coronal views by using instead right ventricle-focused three-dimensional acquisition with multiple short-axis views extracted from the same data set.

METHODS: Transthoracic 3DE and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) images were prospectively obtained on the same day in 147 patients with wide ranges of right ventricular (RV) size and function. RV volumes and ejection fraction were measured from 3DE images using the new software and compared with CMR reference values. Comparisons included linear regression and Bland-Altman analyses. Repeated measurements were performed to assess measurement variability.

RESULTS: Sixteen patients were excluded because of suboptimal image quality (89% feasibility). RV volumes and ejection fraction obtained with the new 3DE technique were in good agreement with CMR (end-diastolic volume, r = 0.95; end-systolic volume, r = 0.96; ejection fraction, r = 0.83). Biases were, respectively, -6 ± 11%, 0 ± 15%, and -7 ± 17% of the mean measured values. In a subset of patients with suboptimal 3DE images, the new analysis resulted in significantly improved accuracy against CMR and reproducibility, compared with previously used coronal view-based techniques. The time required for the 3DE analysis was approximately 4 min.

CONCLUSIONS: The new software is fast, reproducible, and accurate compared with CMR over a wide range of RV size and function. Because right ventricle-focused 3DE acquisition is feasible in most patients, this approach may be applicable to a broader population of patients who can benefit from RV volumetric assessment.

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