JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Five-year Antibody Persistence and Booster Response to a Single Dose of Meningococcal A, C, W and Y Tetanus Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine in Adolescents and Young Adults: An Open, Randomized Trial

Roger Baxter, Yaela Baine, Devayani Kolhe, Carmen I Baccarini, Jacqueline M Miller, Marie Van der Wielen
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 2015, 34 (11): 1236-43
26237742

BACKGROUND: We evaluated antibody persistence after 1 dose of meningococcal serogroups ACWY tetanus toxoid (MenACWY-TT) or diphtheria toxoid (MenACWY-DT) conjugate vaccines and subsequent booster responses to MenACWY-TT.

METHODS: In the initial phase II, open, multicenter study (NCT00454909), 872 participants aged 10-25 years received 1 MenACWY-TT or MenACWY-DT dose. In this study (NCT00715910), antibody persistence was evaluated at years 1, 3 and 5 by serum bactericidal activity assays using human complement (hSBA). At year 5, all participants received a MenACWY-TT booster dose. Immune responses at 1-month postbooster were compared with a control group including 101 participants aged 15-30 years who received a primary MenACWY-TT dose. Solicited and unsolicited adverse events were recorded for 4 and 31 days, respectively, followed by a 6-month extended safety follow-up.

RESULTS: At year 5, ≥79.5% of MenACWY-TT-primed (n = 170) and MenACWY-DT-primed (n = 45) participants had hSBA titers ≥1:8 for MenC, MenW and MenY, and ≥37.5% for MenA. For all serogroups, ≥85.7% and ≥67.1% of MenACWY-TT booster and primary dose recipients exhibited vaccine responses 1-month postmvaccination, respectively. Geometric mean titers were potentially higher in primed versus naive participants, with no potential difference between MenACWY-TT-primed and MenACWY-DT-primed participants (exploratory analyses). MenACWY-TT had a clinically acceptable safety profile.

CONCLUSIONS: Before the booster dose administration at year 5, hSBA-MenC, -MenW and -MenY antibody persistence was observed in most participants. However, only ≥37.5% of MenACWY-TT and 44.4% of MenACWY-DT recipients retained hSBA-MenA titers ≥1:8. MenACWY-TT booster doses elicited robust anamnestic responses, irrespective of the priming vaccine, and were well tolerated.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
26237742
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"