Anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic activity of aqueous extract of Rosa centifolia in experimental rat models

Rohit Kumar, Vinod Nair, Yogendra Kumar Gupta, Surender Singh
International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases 2017, 20 (9): 1072-1078

AIM: The present study was carried out to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and antiarthritic activity of Rosa centifolia aqueous extract (RC) in a carrageenan-induced paw edema model and complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritis.

METHODS: Anti-inflammatory activity of RC was evaluated using the carrageenan-induced paw edema model in rats. Arthritis was induced in rats by sub-plantar administration of CFA. Joint size was measured at regular intervals by using a micrometer screw gauge. Serum and ankle joints of rats immunized with CFA were collected and subjected to enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for estimation of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α level and dot blot for secretory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6. An acute and 28-day oral toxicity study was carried out to evaluate the safety of the test drug.

RESULTS: Pre-treatment with RC produced a dose-dependent reduction in carrageenan-induced paw edema and CFA-induced arthritis models and was effective as indomethacin. RC also inhibited the delayed increase in joint diameter as seen in control and indomethacin-treated animals in CFA-induced arthritis. The expression of proinflammatory mediators TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β was also found to be less in the RC-treated group as compared to controls.

CONCLUSION: Based on these results, it was suggested that Rosa centifolia could be considered as a potential anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic agent.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"