Intrinsically Mn2+-Chelated Polydopamine Nanoparticles for Simultaneous Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Photothermal Ablation of Cancer Cells

Zhao-Hua Miao, Hui Wang, Huanjie Yang, Zheng-Lin Li, Liang Zhen, Cheng-Yan Xu
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2015 August 12, 7 (31): 16946-52
Theranostic agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guided photothermal therapy have attracted intensive interest in cancer diagnosis and treatment. However, the development of biocompatible theranostic agents with high photothermal conversion efficiency and good MRI contrast effect remains a challenge. Herein, PEGylated Mn2+-chelated polydopamine (PMPDA) nanoparticles were successfully developed as novel theranostic agents for simultaneous MRI signal enhancement and photothermal ablation of cancer cells, based on intrinsic manganese-chelating properties and strong near-infrared absorption of polydopamine nanomaterials. The obtained PMPDA nanoparticles showed significant MRI signal enhancement for both in vitro and in vivo imaging. Highly effective photothermal ablation of HeLa cells exposed to PMPDA nanoparticles was then achieved upon laser irradiation for 10 min. Furthermore, the excellent biocompatibility of PMPDA nanoparticles, because of the use of Mn2+ ions as diagnostic agents and biocompatible polydopamine as photothermal agents, was confirmed by a standard MTT assay. Therefore, the developed PMPDA nanoparticles could be used as a promising theranostic agent for MRI-guided photothermal therapy of cancer cells.

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