MicroRNA-126 is down-regulated in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and inhibits the proliferation and migration in EC109 cell via PI3K/AKT signaling pathway

Zheng-Chao Nie, Wen-Hao Weng, Yu-Shan Shang, Yin Long, Jing Li, Yan-Ting Xu, Zhi Li
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology 2015, 8 (5): 4745-54
MicroRNA-126 (miR-126) was found down-regulated in different types of cancer including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, the onco-genetic role of miR-126 in ESCC still remains unknown. In the present study, we found the relative expression of miR-126 in ESCC was significant decreased in ESCC tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues. Overexpression of miR-126 in EC109 cells resulted in significant decrease in cell proliferation, colon formation and migration. PI3K regulatory subunit p85 beta (PIK3R2), a member of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway was found upregulated in ESCC tissues and there is a negative relation between expression of PIK3R2 and miR-126. Restoration of miR-126 in EC109 cells induced a reduction in PIK3R2 protein levels, accompanied with a substantial reduction in phosphorylated AKT levels in EC109 cells, suggesting impairment in PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. The luciferase reporter assay confirmed that PIK3R2 was a direct target of miR-126. Furthermore, we also indicated overexpression of miR-126 suppresses G2/M transition in EC109 cells. Taken together, our study suggests that miR-126 functions as a potential tumor suppressor in ESCC progression via regulating PI3K/AKT signaling pathway partly by targeting PIK3R2, and targeting of miR-126 may provide a novel strategy for the diagnosis and treatment of ESCC.

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