Outcomes for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement in Nonagenarians

Michael O Kayatta, Vinod H Thourani, Hanna A Jensen, Jose C Condado, Eric L Sarin, Patrick D Kilgo, Chandan M Devireddy, Bradley G Leshnower, Kreton Mavromatis, Chun Li, Robert A Guyton, James P Stewart, Amy Simone, Patricia Keegan, Peter Block, Stamatios Lerakis, Vasilis C Babaliaros
Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2015, 100 (4): 1261-7; discussion 1267

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) may offer extreme-aged patients a treatment alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). The objective of this study was to describe outcomes of TAVR in nonagenarians using transfemoral and alternative access techniques.

METHODS: In a retrospective review, we found 95 nonagenarians who underwent TAVR from September 2007 through February 2014 at Emory University using a balloon expandable valve: transfemoral (n = 66), transapical (n = 14), transaortic (n = 14), and transcarotid (n = 1). Morbidity and 30-day and midterm mortality were assessed. Kaplan-Meier plots were used to determine midterm survival rates.

RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 91.8 ± 1.8 years, and 49 (52%) were female. Postoperative morbidity included 1 patient (1%) each with stroke, myocardial infarction, pneumonia, and renal failure. The mean postoperative length of stay was 6.8 ± 5.1 days for all patients. Overall 30-day mortality was 3.2%, much less than The Society of Thoracic Surgeons predicted risk of mortality of 14.5% ± 7.3%. There were no deaths in the transfemoral patients, but there were 2 transapical deaths (14.3%) and 1 transaortic death (7.1%). The Kaplan-Meier estimate of median survival was 2.6 years.

CONCLUSIONS: Extreme-aged nonagenarian patients may have excellent outcomes from TAVR at 30-day and midterm follow-up. Alternative access TAVR is associated with higher morbidity and mortality than transfemoral TAVR. Referral for TAVR of nonagenarians should not be precluded based on age alone.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"