CXC chemokine receptor 2 is associated with postoperative recurrence and survival of patients with non-metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma

Huimin An, Le Xu, Yuan Chang, Yu Zhu, Yuanfeng Yang, Lian Chen, Zongming Lin, Jiejie Xu
European Journal of Cancer 2015, 51 (14): 1953-61

BACKGROUND: Aberrant CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) expression has been shown to promote angiogenesis and proliferation in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Our current study aims to evaluate the prognostic significance of CXCR2 in patients with non-metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).

METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 375 patients with non-metastatic ccRCC undergoing nephrectomy at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University between 2003 and 2008. The cohort was split into a training set (n=184) and a validation set (n=191). CXCR2 expression was assessed by immunohistochemical staining and its association with clinicopathologic features and prognosis were evaluated.

RESULTS: CXCR2 expression was significantly associated with tumour size (P=0.036 and P=0.016, respectively) and Fuhrman grade (P=0.009 and P=0.001, respectively) in the training and validation sets. Moreover, high CXCR2 expression indicated poor overall survival (OS) (P<0.001 and P=0.001, respectively) and recurrence-free survival (P<0.001 and P<0.001, respectively) in the training and validation sets. The incorporation of CXCR2 into the T stage and Fuhrman grade would help to refine individual risk stratification. Furthermore, CXCR2 expression was identified as an independent adverse prognostic factor for survival (P<0.001) and recurrence (P<0.001). A predictive nomogram was generated with identified independent prognosticators to assess patient recurrence-free survival at 5 and 10 years.

CONCLUSIONS: CXCR2 is a potential independent adverse prognostic biomarker for recurrence and survival of patients with non-metastatic ccRCC after nephrectomy.

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