[Analysis of CALR, JAK2 and MPL gene mutations in BCR-ABL negative myeloproliferative neoplasms]

Yuan Ouyang, Chun Qiao, Jujuan Wang, Lichan Xiao, Sujiang Zhang
Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi 2015 May 12, 95 (18): 1369-73

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mutational status of CALR, JAK2 and MPL genes in BCR-ABL negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) patients and the clinical features of MPN patients with these mutations.

METHODS: A total of 246 patients with a definite diagnosis of BCR-ABL negative MPN were enrolled from January 2009 to January 2014 into this study. Among them, there were 48 cases of polycythemia vera (PV) patients, 171 cases of essential thrombocythemia (ET) patients and 27 cases of primary myelofibrosis (PMF) patients. And CALR, JAK2 V617F, 12 exons of JAK2 and MPL W515L/K genes were amplified by PCR and sequenced directly. Clinical features were also analyzed in patients.

RESULTS: Among 246 cases of BCR-ABL-negative MPN patients, 52 cases (21.1%) had CALR mutation, 121 cases (49.2%) JAK2 V617F mutation, 0 case (0) 12 exons of JAK2 mutation, and 2 cases (0.8%) MPL W515L/K mutation, respectively. These mutations were found existing exclusively. In PV patients, the white blood cell and platelet counts in JAK2 V617F mutated group were higher than those in wild-type JAK2 V617F group, while the level of hemoglobin was higher in wild-type JAK2 V617F group (all P<0.05). In ET patients, the white blood cell count, the level of hemoglobin, the frequency of thromboembolic events and risk stratification in JAK2 V617F mutated group were higher than those in CALR mutated group (all P<0.05). In PMF patients, the level of hemoglobin in JAK2 V617F mutated group were significantly higher than those in CALR mutated group (P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The proliferative level of bone marrow, risk of thromboembolic events and stratification are lower in CALR mutated patients than those in JAK2 V617F mutated patients. The pathogenic mechanism of mutated gene should be further investigated in future.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"