JOURNAL ARTICLE

Long-term Outcomes and Prognostic Factors for Patients Requiring Renal Replacement Therapy After Cardiac Surgery

Charat Thongprayoon, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Ishan K Shah, Rahul Kashyap, Soon J Park, Kianoush Kashani, John J Dillon
Mayo Clinic Proceedings 2015, 90 (7): 857-64
26141328

OBJECTIVE: To examine long-term outcomes, including all-cause mortality, and the likelihood and timing of renal recovery among patients requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) for acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a single-center, historical, matched cohort study of post-cardiac surgery patients who required RRT from January 1, 2007, through December 31, 2012. We matched each case with 2 controls, each of whom did not require RRT after cardiac surgery, for age, sex, and type of surgery. The patients were followed up for 1 year after the start of RRT. The main outcomes were all-cause mortality in all patients and rate of renal function recovery in patients who required RRT.

RESULTS: A total of 202 patients met the inclusion criteria. The unadjusted all-cause mortality among patients requiring RRT was 64% at 1 year vs 8% for matched controls. In multivariate analysis, the hazard ratio for all-cause mortality was 12.59 (95% CI, 8.24-19.68) for cases vs controls. Increased 1-year all-cause mortality was independently associated with increased age, a history of congestive heart failure, lower preoperative creatinine level, longer interval between surgery and starting RRT, and the need for mechanical ventilation or an intra-aortic balloon pump at the time of RRT. Renal recovery occurred in 34% of cases by 90 days and in 39% by 1 year. Of those who recovered renal function, 87% were within 90 days. Only 8 (4%) of the 186 patients were alive and continued to receive RRT at 1 year.

CONCLUSIONS: The need for RRT after cardiac surgery is an independent risk factor for mortality. In the case of survival, the chance of renal recovery is reasonable.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
26141328
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"