Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

[Analysis of pregnancy, labor and neonatal course in babies with prenatally-diagnosed complete atrioventricular heart block].

INTRODUCTION: Complete heart block (third-degree atrioventricular block) is a defect of the conduction system of the heart, in which the impulse generated in the sinoatrial node does not propagate to the ventricles, and thus the latter contract independently of the atria. A third-degree atrioventricular block can be either congenital or acquired. In 60-70% of the cases, the congenital heart block results from destruction of the conduction system of the fetal heart by anti-Ro/SSA and anti-La/SSB antibodies present in maternal serum. The antibodies are synthesized in the course of autoimmune maternal conditions, most often systemic lupus erythematosus or rarer rheumatoid arthritis, dermatomyositis or Sjögren's syndrome. The complete block can occur as an isolated defect or be associated with structural anomalies of the fetal heart.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of five patients whose fetuses were diagnosed with the third-degree atrioventricular block have been hospitalized at the Department of Obstetrics, Medical University of Gdansk between 2012 and 2014.

RESULTS: We present the data of the five patients, hospitalized at the Department of Obstetrics, Medical University of Gdansk, whose fetuses were diagnosed prenatally with the complete heart block. The cases differ in terms of etiology clinical outcome, and postnatal treatment. All data are presented in Table I.

CONCLUSIONS: We emphasize the role of appropriate pregnancy management and careful monitoring of the fetal condition. From obstetrical perspective, it is important to monitor the condition of fetuses with the third-degree atrioventricular block ultrasonographically and echocardiographically; in turn, cardiotocography is less useful in this setting. Therefore, a non-reactive cardiotocographic tracing should not constitute an indication for a preterm delivery. An affected fetus should be delivered in a tertiary center for perinatal care that cooperates with a pediatric cardiology center. An efficient program for cardologic prenatal care and close cooperation between obstetricians, neonatologists, pediatric cardiologists, and cardiac surgeons constitute the key to a successful outcome.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app