Flavobacterium notoginsengisoli sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of Panax notoginseng

Meng-Yue Zhang, Huan Xu, Tian-Yuan Zhang, Jun Xie, Juan Cheng, Salam Nimaichand, Shan-Hui Li, Wen-Jun Li, Yi-Xuan Zhang
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 2015, 108 (3): 545-52
Two novel bacterial strains, designated SYP-B540(T) and SYP-B556, were isolated from rhizospheric soil of Panax notoginseng located at Yunnan Province, China. Both strains were Gram-staining negative, aerobic, non-motile, elongated rod shaped and yellow coloured. They grew optimally at 28 °C and pH 7.0. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the two strains shared 99.8 % sequence similarity to each other, but lower than 97.6 % to the other known species of the genus Flavobacterium. The predominant respiratory quinone for the two strains was MK-6, and the major fatty acids were iso-C15:0 and summed Feature 3 (comprising 16:1 ω7c and/or 16:1 ω6c). The polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified polar lipids and three unidentified amino-phospholipids. The DNA G+C contents of strains SYP-B540(T) and SYP-B556 were 33.3 and 32.7 mol%, respectively. In addition, the DNA-DNA hybridization values of strains SYP-B540(T) and SYP-B556 to their closest phylogenetic neighbors were significantly lower than 70 %. On the basis of the polyphasic taxonomy studies, strains SYP-B540(T) and SYP-B556 represent a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium notoginsengisoli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SYP-B540(T) (=KCTC 32505(T) = NBRC 110012(T) = BCRC 80724(T)).

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