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[The clinical research of aviatic nasal diseases with medical evaluation prevention and control intervention].

OBJECTIVE: Exploring the clinical features of aviatic nasal diseases to provide references for medical evaluation, prevention and control measures in aircrew.

METHOD: To analysis and summary 605 cases with 503 pilots of nasal diseases in aircrew during 1966 to 2013.

RESULT: (1) There were 605 cases of aviatic nasal diseases, including 550 cases of general diseases and 55 cases of specific diseases. The general nasal diseases included 140 cases of anatomical abnormalities in nasal cavity type, 290 cases of inflammation in nasal cavity, 73 cases of allergy type, 47 cases of cyst and tumor type, and the specific nasal diseases were 55 cases of sinus barotrauma (SB). (2) The, constituent ratio of SB, which was happened in frontal sinus and /or maxillary sinus, was 95.55%. (3) The constituent ratio of cyst and tumor type in nasal cavity was easier causing to SB than anatomical abnormalities, inflammation, allergy disease in nasal cavity (P < 0.05). (4) The grounded constituent ratio of secondary SB was higher than anatomical abnormalities, inflammation, allergy, cyst and tumor disease in nasal cavity (P < 0.05). (5) The ways of hypobaric chamber tests were different for the kinds of aircrew. The qualified adjustment function of sinuses for barometric pressure was an essential condition for aircrew to continue flying. (6) The key point for the treatment of aviatic nasal diseases was to remove pathological change in nasal cavity and sinus and restore sinus ostium patency. The key point for the medical evaluation was to restore normal sinus pressure balance function.

CONCLUSION: The key point of medical evaluation about aviatic nasal diseases is to assess the sinus pressure balance function in hypobaric chamber tests. Normative treatment and medical evaluation can effectively avoid flight accidents and improve the attendance rate for aircrew.

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