Sub-Picosecond Singlet Exciton Fission in Cyano-Substituted Diaryltetracenes

Eric A Margulies, Yi-Lin Wu, Przemyslaw Gawel, Stephen A Miller, Leah E Shoer, Richard D Schaller, François Diederich, Michael R Wasielewski
Angewandte Chemie 2015 July 20, 54 (30): 8679-83
Thin films of 5,11-dicyano-6,12-diphenyltetracene (TcCN) have been studied for their ability to undergo singlet exciton fission (SF). Functionalization of tetracene with cyano substituents yields a more stable chromophore with favorable energetics for exoergic SF (2E(T1)-E(S1)=-0.17 eV), where S1 and T1 are singlet and triplet excitons, respectively. As a result of tuning the triplet-state energy, SF is faster in TcCN relative to the corresponding endoergic process in tetracene. SF proceeds with two time constants in the film samples (τ=0.8±0.2 ps and τ=23±3 ps), which is attributed to structural disorder within the film giving rise to one population with a favorable interchromophore geometry, which undergoes rapid SF, and a second population in which the initially formed singlet exciton must diffuse to a site at which this favorable geometry exists. A triplet yield analysis using transient absorption spectra indicates the formation of 1.6±0.3 triplets per initial excited state.

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