JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Bipolar disorder and ADHD: comorbidity and diagnostic distinctions

Ciro Marangoni, Lavinia De Chiara, Gianni L Faedda
Current Psychiatry Reports 2015, 17 (8): 604
26084666
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and bipolar disorder (BD) are neurodevelopmental disorders with onset in childhood and early adolescence, and common persistence in adulthood. Both disorders are often undiagnosed, misdiagnosed, and sometimes over diagnosed, leading to high rates of morbidity and disability. The differentiation of these conditions is based on their clinical features, comorbidity, psychiatric family history course of illness, and response to treatment. We review recent relevant findings and highlight epidemiological, clinical, family history, course, and treatment-response differences that can aid the differential diagnosis of these conditions in an outpatient pediatric setting.

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