[Intraoperative high-field magnetic resonance imaging combined with functional neuronavigation in resection of low-grade temporal lobe tumors involving optic radiation]

Shaocong Bai, Xiaolei Chen, Jiefeng Geng, Dongdong Wu, Xinguang Yu, Bainan Xu
Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery] 2015, 53 (5): 340-4

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical value of high-field-strength intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) combined with optic radiation neuro-navigation for the resection of temporal lobe low-grade gliomas.

METHODS: From April 2009 to September 2013, 65 patients with temporal lobe low-grade gliomas (WHO grade II) involving optic radiation were operated with iMRI and functional neuro-navigation. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) based fiber tracking was used to delineate optic radiation. The reconstructed optic radiations were integrated into a navigation system, in order to achieve intraoperative microscopic-based functional neuro-navigation. iMRI was used to update the images for both optic radiations and residual tumors. Volumetric analyses were performed using 3D Slicer for pre- and intra-operative tumor volumes in all cases. All patients were evaluated for visual field deficits preoperatively and postoperatively. The Student t test was used to evaluate the average rate of extent of resection between groups. Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to assess correlations between predictors and epilepsy prognosis.

RESULTS: Preoperative tumor volumes were (78±40) cm3. In 29 cases, iMRI scan detected residual tumor that could be further resected, and extent of resection were increased from 76.2% to 92.7% (t=7.314, P<0.01). In 19 cases (29.2%), gross total resection was accomplished, and iMRI contributed directly to 8 of these cases. Postsurgical follow-up period varied from 13 months to 59 months, mean (33±13) months. Tumor progression were observed in 3 patients, newly developed or deteriorated visual field defects occurred in 4 patients (6.2%). For patients with pre-operative seizures, Engel Class I were achieved for 89.7% of them. Spearman rank correlation analysis revealed that seizure outcome (Engel Class) was related to increased excision of ratio (r=-0.452, P=0.004, 95% CI: -0.636--0.261) and larger tumors (r=0.391, P=0.014, 95% CI: 0.178-0.484).

CONCLUSIONS: With iMRI and functional neuro-navigation, the optic radiation can be accurately located, while extent of resection can be evaluated intra-operatively. This technique is safe and helpful for preservation of visual field for the resection of temporal lobe low-grade gliomas involving optic radiation.

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