PON1 polymorphisms are predictors of ability to attain HDL-C goals in statin-treated patients

Jéssica Aguiar de Souza, Angelica Menin, Luciana Otero Lima, Lisiane Smiderle, Mara Helena Hutz, Cézar Roberto Van Der Sand, Luiz Carlos Van Der Sand, Maria Elvira Wagner Ferreira, Renan Canibal Pires, Silvana Almeida, Marilu Fiegenbaum
Clinical Biochemistry 2015, 48 (16-17): 1039-44

OBJECTIVES: PON1 plays an important role in inhibiting LDL-C oxidation, which reduces atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Elevated PON1 activity or levels may contribute to increased HDL-C levels, but controversy exists over the hypothesis that genetic variation in the PON1 gene locus modulates HDL-C levels and responses to statin treatment. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the association between two polymorphisms in the PON1 gene and statin responses in a south Brazilian population.

DESIGN AND METHODS: The study population included 433 dyslipidemic patients who were prescribed statins. Total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-C and LDL-C levels were measured in these patients both before and after approximately 6months of treatment with simvastatin/atorvastatin. Genotypes were assessed by real-time PCR for two PON1 polymorphisms, Q192R (rs662) and L55M (rs854560).

RESULTS: Baseline lipid levels were not associated with Q192R or L55M polymorphisms. For the Q192R (rs662) polymorphism, we observed that HDL-C goals were attained less often in patients with RR homozygosity than in Q allele carriers (χ(2) P=0.009, adjusted residual analysis P=0.003). For the L55M (rs854560) polymorphism, LL homozygotes were underrepresented among subjects that achieved the HDL-C goal (χ(2) P=0.026, adjusted residual analysis P=0.008). Analysis by univariate logistic regression confirmed that QQ/QR and MM/ML carriers had an increased chance of attaining HDL-C goals (OR=2.41, CI95%=1.32-4.40, P=0.004 and OR=1.68, CI95%=1.15-2.45, P=0.008). In a multivariate logistic analysis used to assess predictors of attaining an HDL-C goal>1.55mmol/L, we observed that gender (OR=1.71, CI95%=1.04-2.83, P=0.036), baseline HDL-C levels (OR=1.13, CI95%=1.10-1.16, P<0.001) and the QQ/QR+MM/ML genotypes increased the chance of achieving HDL-C goals (OR=2.81, CI95%=1.35-5.85, P=0.006).

CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study show that the Q192R (rs662) and L55M (rs854560) polymorphisms may play a role in interindividual variation in achievement of HDL-C goals in response to statins.

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