Preoperative neutrophil:lymphocyte and platelet:lymphocyte ratios predict endometrial cancer survival

M Cummings, L Merone, C Keeble, L Burland, M Grzelinski, K Sutton, N Begum, A Thacoor, B Green, J Sarveswaran, R Hutson, N M Orsi
British Journal of Cancer 2015 July 14, 113 (2): 311-20

BACKGROUND: Variations in systemic inflammatory response biomarker levels have been associated with adverse clinical outcome in various malignancies. This study determined the prognostic significance of preoperative neutrophil:lymphocyte (NLR), platelet:lymphocyte (PLR) and monocyte:lymphocyte (MLR) ratios in endometrial cancer.

METHODS: Clinicopathological and 5-year follow-up data were obtained for a retrospective series of surgically treated endometrial cancer patients (n=605). Prognostic significance was determined for overall (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) using Cox proportional hazards models and Kaplan-Meier analysis. Receiver-operator characteristic and log-rank functions were used to optimise cut-offs. NLR, PLR and MLR associations with clinicopathological variables were determined using non-parametric tests.

RESULTS: Applying cut-offs of ⩾2.4 (NLR), ⩾240 (PLR) and ⩾0.19 (MLR), NLR and PLR (but not MLR) had independent prognostic significance. Combining NLR and PLR scores stratified patients into low (NLR-low and PLR-low), intermediate (NLR-high or PLR-high) and high risk (NLR-high and PLR-high) groups: multivariable hazard ratio (HR) 2.51; P<0.001 (OS); HR 2.26; P<0.01 (CSS) for high vs low risk patients. Increased NLR and PLR were most strongly associated with advanced stage (P<0.001), whereas increased MLR was strongly associated with older age (P<0.001).

CONCLUSION: Both NLR and PLR are independent prognostic indicators for endometrial cancer, which can be combined to provide additional patient stratification.

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