OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Efficacy and safety of secukinumab in the treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Hui-Zi Xiong, Jun-Ying Gu, Zhi-Gang He, Wen-Juan Chen, Xiao Zhang, Jia-Yi Wang, Yu-Ling Shi
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 2015, 8 (3): 3156-72
26064205
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with high rate of recurrence. New anti-interleukin-17 (IL-17) and anti-IL17RA biologics are in Phase 3 clinical trials and may prove to be more effective than existing biologic drugs. Now we perform a meta-analysis on efficacy and safety of secukinumab in the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. In this meta-analysis, data analysis was performed with the Cochrane Collaboration's RevMan 5.0 software. Eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with a total of 3,213 psoriasis cases were included in the meta-analysis. Co-primary endpoints (week 12) were ≥ 75%/90% improvement in psoriasis area and a score of 0 (clear) or 1 (almost clear) on a 5-point Investigator's Global Assessment scale (IGA mod 2011 0/1) versus placebo [1]. The overall efficacy in the meta-analysis was as follows: PASI 75: for secukinumab 150 mg versus placebo, fixed-effects OR = 49.25, 95% CI: 33.67-72.06, Z = 20.07, P < 0.00001; PASI 90: for secukinumab 150 mg versus placebo, fixed-effects OR = 44.92, 95% CI: 24.72-81.62, Z = 12.49, P < 0.00001; IGA mod 2011 0/1: for secukinumab 150 mg versus placebo, random-effects OR = 22.25, 95% CI: 7.63-64.84, Z = 5.68, P < 0.00001; Compared with placebo, there were no significant adverse effects in the secukinumab groups, demonstrating safety in the treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. The proportion of patients who achieved 75%, 90% and IGA mod 2011 0/1 reductions respectively was significant in the secukinumab groups, demonstrating a rapid clinical improvement accompanied by a favorable short-term safety profile.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
26064205
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"