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Shifts in myocardial fatty acid and glucose metabolism in pulmonary arterial hypertension: a potential mechanism for a maladaptive right ventricular response

Hiroshi Ohira, Robert deKemp, Elena Pena, Ross A Davies, Duncan J Stewart, George Chandy, Vladimir Contreras-Dominguez, Carole Dennie, Brian Mc Ardle, Ran Mc Klein, Jennifer M Renaud, Jean N DaSilva, Carolyn Pugliese, Rosemary Dunne, Rob Beanlands, Lisa M Mielniczuk
European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging 2016, 17 (12): 1424-1431

AIMS: We investigated the role of metabolic alterations in the development of a maladaptive right ventricular (RV) response in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), which has not previously been undertaken. This study evaluated relationships between glucose and fatty acid metabolism obtained using PET with invasive pulmonary haemodynamics, RV measurements, and RV function to gain insight into the mechanism of RV maladaptation.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventeen consecutive PAH patients (mean age 56 ± 15) who underwent right heart catheterization [mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) 43 ± 12 mmHg] had cardiac 18F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) and (18)F-fluoro-6-thioheptadecanoic acid (FTHA) PET imaging. RV and left ventricular (LV) FDG and FTHA uptake standard uptake values (SUVs) were measured. The SUV was corrected for the partial volume effect (SUVPVE) based on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). Right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) was determined by CMR. There was a significant positive correlation between mPAP and RV/LV FDG SUVPVE (r = 0.68, P = 0.003), and the ratio of RV/LV FDG SUV : RV/LV FTHA SUV (r = 0.60, P = 0.02). RVEF was negatively correlated with RV/LV FDG SUVPVE uptake (r = -0.56, P = 0.02) and RV/LV FTHA SUVPVE (r = -0.62, P = 0.019).

CONCLUSION: Increased pulmonary arterial pressures are associated with increases in the ratio of FDG/FTHA uptake in the RV. Inverse correlation between the uptake of the metabolic tracers and RV function may reflect a shift towards increased fatty acid oxidation and glycolysis associated with RV failure in maladaptive remodelling.


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