The impact of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir on patient-reported outcomes in cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C: the SIRIUS study

Zobair M Younossi, Maria Stepanova, Stanislas Pol, Jean-Pierre Bronowicki, Maria Patrizia Carrieri, Marc Bourlière
Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 2016, 36 (1): 42-8

BACKGROUND: Interferon- and ribavirin (RBV)-free regimens can improve patient-reported outcomes (PROs) during treatment.

AIM: To compare PROs during treatment with ledipasvir and sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) to placebo and to LDV/SOF + RBV.

METHODS: Treatment-experienced CH-C genotype 1 patients with compensated cirrhosis (N = 154) were randomized to receive 24 weeks of LDV/SOF or 12 weeks of placebo followed by 12 weeks of LDV/SOF + RBV (the SIRIUS clinical trial). While blinded to their HCV RNA level and study treatment, patients completed PRO questionnaires (SF-36, FACIT-F, CLDQ-HCV, WPAI:SHP) at baseline, during and post-treatment.

RESULTS: Baseline PRO scores were similar between the two study arms. Patients receiving LDV/SOF showed improvement in a number of PROs (predominantly related to mental health) starting as early as 4 weeks after treatment initiation; no PRO decrement from baseline were noted, and no PRO scores were inferior to placebo (all P > 0.05). In the second 12 weeks, patients who were receiving LDV/SOF continued to improve PROs (up to +9.2% from a 100% maximum possible score, P < 0.05), while patients receiving LDV/SOF + RBV had less gains or no improvement in their PRO scores. However, regardless of the regimen, patients who successfully cleared the virus (N = 149) had significant improvement in all aspects of PROs (up to +12.2% by post-treatment week 12, up to +16.9% by week 24).

CONCLUSIONS: Treatment-experienced cirrhotic patients experience a notable improvement of their PROs during treatment with LDV/SOF. Furthermore, achieving SVR-12 is associated with significant PRO improvement, which further improves at post-treatment week 24 in this difficult to treat group of patients with chronic hepatitis C.

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