Alpha-enolase is a potential prognostic marker in clear cell renal cell carcinoma

Nicole M White-Al Habeeb, Ashley Di Meo, Andreas Scorilas, Fabio Rotondo, Olena Masui, Annetta Seivwright, Manal Gabril, Andrew H A Girgis, Michael A Jewett, George M Yousef
Clinical & Experimental Metastasis 2015, 32 (6): 531-41
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is an aggressive disease with unpredictable behaviour. Clinical parameters are not always accurate for prognosis prediction. The integration of molecular markers to prognostic models can significantly improve prognostic assessment and consequently patient management. We assessed the expression of alpha-enolase (ENO1) protein by immunohistochemistry in 360 patients with primary ccRCC and correlated its expression with multiple clinicopathological parameters including stage, grade, tumor size, disease-free and overall survival. Cox proportional hazard regression models adjusted for clinicopathological factors were used to test for a link between ENO1 expression and both disease-free and overall survival. We correlated ENO1 mRNA expression with overall survival in an independent set of 428 ccRCC cases from The Cancer Genome Atlas. ENO1 showed cytoplasmic, membranous and nuclear staining patterns. There is a statistically significant negative correlation between ENO1 expression, tumor stage, and grade. ENO1 expression also shows a statistically significant direct correlation with disease-free survival (p = 0.011) and overall survival (p = 0.030) in ccRCC. Patients with higher ENO1 expression had lower hazard ratio of recurrence, although this was not statistically significant (HR = 0.330, p = 0.060). These findings were validated at the mRNA level in an independent set of 428 ccRCC cases which also showed that low ENO1 expression is associated with significantly shorter overall survival. Down-regulation of ENO1 can be a predictor of poor prognosis in ccRCC, and it can be a potential prognostic marker.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"