Prognostic factors in clinical stage T4N2 locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer

Deniz Arslan, Deniz Tural, Timur Koca, Didem Tastekin, Arda Kaymak Cerkesli, Hamit Basaran, Seyda Gunduz, Ali Murat Tatli, Sema Sezgin Goksu, Mukremin Uysal, Aysegul Kargi, Bulent Kargi, Lokman Koral, Cumhur Ibrahim Bassorgun, Dilek Unal, Hasan Mutlu, Hasan Senol Coskun, Mustafa Ozdogan, Hakan Bozcuk
Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 2015, 20 (2): 573-9

PURPOSE: Relatively few studies have focused on T4N2 (stage IIIB) locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study, we tried to identify prognostic factors for patients with clinical stage T4N2 NSCLC.

METHODS: We retrospectively identified 223 patients, of which 168 met the inclusion criteria. Patients treated with curative intent using concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) with or without adjuvant chemotherapy, or concurrent CRT after induction chemotherapy, were included in this study. Relevant patient, treatment, and disease factors were evaluated for their prognostic significance in both univariate and multivariate analyses using the Cox proportional hazards model.

RESULTS: The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 13 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 10.6-15.4). The median overall survival (OS) was 20 months (95% CI, 16.8-23.1), and 71, 40.3 and 28.2% of the patients survived for 1, 2 and 3 years after diagnosis, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) was independent predictor of PFS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.24; 95% CI, 0.13-0.43; p=0.001), and OS [HR, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.26-0.87; p=0.015). Absence of multifocal T4 tumors was also associated with a significantly longer OS (HR, 046; 95% CI, 0.31-0.7; p=0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in OS and PFS between treatment modalities.

CONCLUSION: PFS and OS were significantly shorter in patients with poor ECOG PS. OS was also significantly shorter in patients with multifocal T4 tumors. There were no differences between the two therapeutic approaches with respect to outcome.

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