Effects of ergocalciferol supplementation on the concentration of vitamin D and its metabolites in human milk

A Takeuchi, T Okano, N Tsugawa, Y Tasaka, T Kobayashi, S Kodama, T Matsuo
Journal of Nutrition 1989, 119 (11): 1639-46
The effect of maternal ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) supplementation on the concentrations of vitamin D, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH-D), 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [24,25-(OH)2D], and 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25-(OH)2D] in their milk was studied. Vitamin D2, D3, 25-OH-D2 and 25-OH-D3 were simultaneously determined by high performance liquid chromatography, and the determination of 24,25-(OH)2D and 1,25-(OH)2D was performed by competitive protein binding assay and radioreceptor assay, respectively, after separation of the D2 and D3 compounds. After healthy lactating mothers had received a daily oral dose of vitamin D2 (1,200 IU/d) for 4 wk, the concentrations of vitamin D2, D3 and the metabolites were determined in their plasma and milk. Although the plasma levels of 25-OH-D2 were significantly increased, the increase in milk was relatively small. On the other hand, the increase of vitamin D2 levels in milk was greater than that of 25-OH-D2 in milk after supplementation. The levels of 1,25-(OH)2D in milk was lower after 5 wk of lactation than after 1 wk of lactation, regardless of maternal vitamin D2 supplementation. When total antirachitic activities in milk were calculated, only a very slight increase was observed as a result of supplementation.

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