Read by QxMD icon Read

Pragmatic detection of anxiety and depression in a prospective cohort of voice outpatient clinic attenders

J Montgomery, J Hendry, J A Wilson, I J Deary, K MacKenzie
Clinical Otolaryngology 2016, 41 (1): 2-7

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate diagnostic performance of the emotional domain of the VoiSS questionnaire compared with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS).

DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire study.

SETTING: Tertiary referral centre voice clinic.

PARTICIPANTS: 210 consecutive voice clinic patients.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Screening with VoiSS and HADS questionnaires. Paired comparison, correlation, multinomial logistic regression and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.

RESULTS: A total of 177 returned complete data sets. Ninety-six patients (54.2%) had functional dysphonia, and 81 (45.8%) had organic laryngeal disorders. Mean total VoiSS score = 39.7/120 (standard deviation (sd) 22.2). Mean emotional VoiSS subscale = 7.6/22 (sd 7.5). Mean HADS anxiety = 6.5/21 (sd 5.2) and depression mean = 7.1/21 (sd 4.8). There were 35 (20%) borderline anxiety and/or depression scores and 30 (17%) scores considered positive for 'caseness'. There was strong correlation between emotional VoiSS and HADS anxiety (Spearman's Rho = 0.68, P < 0.001) and HADS depression (Spearman's Rho = 0.62, P < 0.001). ROC curve analysis exhibited significant association between emotional VoiSS and HADS 'caseness' (area under curve = 0.88). In addition, functional dysphonia patients had lower mean VoiSS and HADS scores than patients with identifiable laryngeal abnormalities.

CONCLUSION: The VoiSS emotional subscale strongly correlates with HADS anxiety and depression scores and could be used as a measure of psychological distress. This could allow targeted psychological strategies, without additional psychometric questionnaires. Functional dysphonia has less association with psychological distress than certain organic laryngological disorders.


You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"