Ex-vivo biodistribution and micro-PET/CT imaging of 18F-FDG, 18F-FLT, 18F-FMISO, and 18F-AlF-NOTA-PRGD2 in a prostate tumor-bearing nude mouse model

Zhuzhong Cheng, Renbo Wei, Changqiang Wu, Haomiao Qing, Xiao Jiang, Hao Lu, Shirong Chen, Xinping Li, Guohui Xu, Hua Ai
Nuclear Medicine Communications 2015, 36 (9): 914-21

OBJECTIVE: (18)F-Fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG), (18)F-fluoro-3'-deoxy-3'-L-fluorothymidine ((18)F-FLT), (18)F-fluoromisonidazole ((18)F-FMISO), and (18)F-AlF-NOTA-PRGD2 ((18)F-RGD) are all commonly used PET tracers for tumor diagnosis based on different mechanisms of tissue uptake. This study compared the ex-vivo biodistribution and PET/computed tomography (CT) imaging studies of these four PET tracers in a xenograft prostate tumor-bearing mouse model.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nude mice were inoculated with 5 × 10 PC-3 cells in the right armpit. The ex-vivo biodistribution of (18)F-FDG, (18)F-FLT, (18)F-FMISO, and (18)F-RGD at 30, 60, 90, and 120 min after injection was compared. Micro-PET/CT images of (18)F-FDG, (18)F-FLT, and (18)F-RGD were acquired at 60 min, whereas (18)F-FMISO images were acquired at 90 min after injection.

RESULTS: The tumors were clearly visualized by micro-PET/CT using all four PET tracers. Ex-vivo biodistribution results showed highest tumor accumulation and tumor-to-muscle ratio of (18)F-FDG at each time point, accompanied by physiologically high uptakes in the brain, heart, and intestinal tract. Modest uptake of (18)F-FLT and (18)F-FMISO in tumors was observed at 60 and 90 min after injection, with less interference from other tissues compared with (18)F-FDG. Besides, (18)F-RGD also exhibited high tumor specificity; however, relatively low uptake was observed in the tumor.

CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrated the potential of (18)F-FMISO and (18)F-FLT in the diagnosis of xenograft prostate cancer.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"