JOURNAL ARTICLE

Reduced CSF Water Influx in Alzheimer's Disease Supporting the β-Amyloid Clearance Hypothesis

Yuji Suzuki, Yukihiro Nakamura, Kenichi Yamada, Hironaka Igarashi, Kensaku Kasuga, Yuichi Yokoyama, Takeshi Ikeuchi, Masatoyo Nishizawa, Ingrid L Kwee, Tsutomu Nakada
PloS One 2015, 10 (5): e0123708
25946191

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether water influx into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) space is reduced in Alzheimer's patients as previously shown in the transgenic mouse model for Alzheimer's disease.

METHODS: Ten normal young volunteers (young control, 21-30 years old), ten normal senior volunteers (senior control, 60-78 years old, MMSE ≥ 29), and ten Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients (study group, 59-84 years old, MMSE: 13-19) participated in this study. All AD patients were diagnosed by neurologists specializing in dementia based on DSM-IV criteria. CSF dynamics were analyzed using positron emission tomography (PET) following an intravenous injection of 1,000 MBq [15O]H2O synthesized on-line.

RESULTS: Water influx into CSF space in AD patients, expressed as influx ratio, (0.755 ± 0.089) was significantly reduced compared to young controls (1.357 ± 0.185; p < 0.001) and also compared to normal senior controls (0.981 ± 0.253, p < 0.05). Influx ratio in normal senior controls was significantly reduced compared to young controls (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSION: Water influx into the CSF is significantly reduced in AD patients. β-amyloid clearance has been shown to be dependent on interstitial flow and CSF production. The current study indicates that reduction in water influx into the CSF may disturb the clearance rate of β-amyloid, and therefore be linked to the pathogenesis of AD.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: UMIN Clinical Trials Registry UMIN000011939.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25946191
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"