COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Urine neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin as an early marker of acute kidney injury in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients

Maryam Taghizadeh-Ghehi, Amir Sarayani, Asieh Ashouri, Sara Ataei, Amirhossein Moslehi, Molouk Hadjibabaie
Renal Failure 2015, 37 (6): 994-8
25945602
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients with an incidence of 21-73%. Prevention and early diagnosis reduces the frequency and severity of this complication. Predictive biomarkers are of major importance to timely diagnosis. Neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a widely investigated novel biomarker for early diagnosis of AKI. However, no study assessed NGAL for AKI diagnosis in HSCT patients. We performed further analyses on gathered data from our recent trial to evaluate the performance of urine NGAL (uNGAL) as an indicator of AKI in 72 allogeneic HSCT patients. AKI diagnosis and severity were assessed using Risk-Injury-Failure-Loss-End-stage renal disease and AKI Network criteria. We assessed uNGAL on days -6, -3, +3, +9 and +15. Time-dependent Cox regression analysis revealed a statistically significant relationship between uNGAL and AKI occurrence. (HR = 1.04 (1.008-1.07), p = 0.01). There was a relation between uNGAL day + 9 to baseline ratio and incidence of AKI (unadjusted HR = 1.047 (1.012-1.083), p < 0.01). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve for day + 9 to baseline ratio was 0.86 (0.74-0.99, p < 0.01) and a cut-off value of 2.62 was 85% sensitive and 83% specific in predicting AKI. Our results indicated that increase in uNGAL augmented the risk of AKI and the changes of day +9 uNGAL concentrations from baseline could be of value for predicting AKI in HSCT patients. Additionally uNGAL changes preceded serum Cr raises by nearly 2 days.

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