JOURNAL ARTICLE

Photosensitizer-Conjugated Albumin-Polypyrrole Nanoparticles for Imaging-Guided In Vivo Photodynamic/Photothermal Therapy

Xuejiao Song, Chao Liang, Hua Gong, Qian Chen, Chao Wang, Zhuang Liu
Small 2015 August 26, 11 (32): 3932-41
25925790
Conjugated polymers with strong absorbance in the near-infrared (NIR) region have been widely explored as photothermal therapy agents due to their excellent photostability and high photothermal conversion efficiency. Herein, polypyrrole (PPy) nanoparticles are fabricated by using bovine serum albumin (BSA) as the stabilizing agent, which if preconjugated with photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6) could offer additional functionalities in both imaging and therapy. The obtained PPy@BSA-Ce6 nanoparticles exhibit little dark toxicity to cells, and are able to trigger both photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT). As a fluorescent molecule that in the meantime could form chelate complex with Gd(3+), Ce6 in PPy@BSA-Ce6 nanoparticles after being labeled with Gd(3+) enables dual-modal fluorescence and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, which illustrate strong tumor uptake of those nanoparticles after intravenous injection into tumor-bearing mice. In vivo combined PDT and PTT treatment is then carried out after systemic administration of PPy@BSA-Ce6, achieving a remarkably improved synergistic therapeutic effect compared to PDT or PTT alone. Hence, a rather simple one-step approach to fabricate multifunctional nanoparticles based on conjugated polymers, which appear to be promising in cancer imaging and combination therapy, is presented.

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