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[Myogenic elephant skin cream combined with Vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) for the treatment of bedsores]

Yi-bin Gao, Song-lin Tong, Fang Pan, Jian-hao Yu
Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology 2015, 28 (2): 150-4
25924498

OBJECTIVE: To discuss the efficacy of the myogenic elephant skin cream combining with VSD for treating severe bedsores.

METHODS: Twenty-nine cases of III and IV degree bedsores were treated from June 2009 to June 2013. Among them, 15 cases were treated by myogenic elephant skin cream combined with VSD (VSD group) including 7 males and 8 females with an average age of (69.0±5.3) years old ranging from 17 to 96 years;other 14 cases were treated by the treatment of conventional dressing change (control group) including 6 males and 8 females with an average age of (71.0±4.2) years old ranging from 40 to 86 years. At 7, 14, 21, 28 d after treatments, specimens of wound two groups were respectively taken to examine immunohistochemical CD34 adopted SABC, the number of wild vascular cross were observed as capillary density value under high magnification microscope. It was used to assess the hyperplasia of granulation tissue of wound. The capillary density value and the visual wound observation were indicators for evaluation of clinical efficacy.

RESULTS: Seventeen of 19 cases got complete data of specimens of wound at 7, 14, 21, 28 d,included 9 cases of VSD group,8 of control group. In the microscope view, the capillary density of VSD group was higher than that of control group significantly (P<0.05), it showed the application of VSD technology improved hyperplasia of granulation tissue much faster than conventional dressing change. In VSD group, 13 cases with 15 wounds healed, 2 cases with 3 wounds improved; in control group,3 cases with 3 wounds healed,7 cases with 9 wounds improved, 4 cases with 5 wounds were unhealed.

CONCLUSION: Using the VSD technology with continuous high pressure suction to clean the drainage of wound and lacuna thoroughly can effectively control infection,promote the growth of granulation tissue, and then applying myogenic elephant skin cream to improve partial blood supply while prompting rapid growth of new granulation tissue and epithelial cell. The risk of this treatment is low,and the course of treatment is short, this provides a safe and effective method for treating bedsores.

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