Prediction of viral filtration performance of monoclonal antibodies based on biophysical properties of feed

William J Rayfield, David J Roush, Rebecca A Chmielowski, Nihal Tugcu, Shehab Barakat, Jason K Cheung
Biotechnology Progress 2015, 31 (3): 765-74
Controlling viral contamination is an important issue in the process development of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) produced from mammalian cell lines. Virus filtration (VF) has been demonstrated to be a robust and effective clearance step which can provide ≥4 logs of reduction via size exclusion. The minimization of VF area by increasing flux and filter loading is critical to achieving cost targets as VFs are single use and often represent up to 10% of total purification costs. The research presented in this publication describes a development strategy focused on biophysical attributes of product streams that are directly applicable to VF process performance. This article summarizes a case study where biophysical tools (high-pressure size exclusion chromatography, dynamic light scattering, and absolute size exclusion chromatography) were applied to a specific MAb program to illustrate how changes in feed composition (pH, sodium chloride concentration, and buffer salt type) can change biophysical properties which correlate with VF performance. The approach was subsequently refined and expanded over the course of development of three MAbs where performance metrics (i.e., loading and flux) were evaluated for two specific virus filters (Viresolve Pro and Planova 20N) during both unspiked control runs and virus clearance experiments. The analyses of feed attributes can be applied to a decision tree to guide the recommendation of a VF filter and operating conditions for use in future MAb program development. The understanding of the biophysical properties of the feed can be correlated to virus filter performance to significantly reduce the mass of product, time, and costs associated with virus filter step development.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"