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Review of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and trachelectomy: which cervical cancer patients would be suitable for neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by fertility-sparing surgery?

Helena Robova, Lukas Rob, Michael Jiri Halaska, Marek Pluta, Petr Skapa
Current Oncology Reports 2015, 17 (5): 446
The number of patients given neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) followed by fertility-sparing surgery in cervical cancer is still scarce. Only a few centres perform these procedures, and thus, such procedures remain largely in the experimental stage. Patients that do not fulfil the criteria for standard fertility-sparing procedure can be included in studies with NAC followed by fertility-sparing procedure. We must consider that both oncological and pregnancy outcomes are important. Patients with only microscopic disease after NAC are apparently the best candidates for fertility-sparing surgery. Current data are not sufficient to identify the optimal procedure after NAC [abdominal radical trachelectomy (ART) or vaginal radical trachelectomy (VRT) or simple trachelectomy]. Some evidence suggests that pregnancy outcome is better after simple trachelectomy as compared with VRT or ART. Long-term results regarding oncological outcome for this concept are still lacking. Adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with histopathological risk factors (lymphovascular space involvement (LVSI), macroscopic residual disease) would decrease a risk of recurrence.

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