Gastrojejunostomy stricture rate: comparison between antecolic and retrocolic laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

Lara Ribeiro-Parenti, Konstantinos Arapis, Denis Chosidow, Jean-Loup Dumont, Monique Demetriou, Jean-Pierre Marmuse
Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases 2015, 11 (5): 1076-84

BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure is an effective treatment for morbid obesity. One of the most frequent complications after this operation is the appearance of a gastrojejunal anastomotic stricture. Mechanisms underlying the development of such complication are unclear.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present retrospective study was to compare the rates of gastrojejunostomy stricture between the antecolic and retrocolic technique in a large cohort of patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity, with the same gastrojejunal anastomotic technique.

SETTING: University Hospital, France.

METHODS: From November 2000 to March 2012, 1500 patients underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The antecolic and the retrocolic technique were used in respectively 572 and 928 consecutive patients. All procedures were performed using a circular stapled gastrojejunostomy and absorbable sutures.

RESULTS: There was no significant difference with respect to gender, age, body mass index, and obesity related co-morbidities between both groups. Patients were followed for 24-146 months (mean 67.5 mo). Fifty-one patients developed a gastrojejunal stricture (3.4%), 37 in the antecolic group (6.5%) and 14 in the retrocolic group (1.5%). The difference was significant (P< .0001). The mean time to onset of gastrojejunal stricture symptoms after surgery was 1 month, ranging from 1 to 3 months. All patients were successfully treated using Savary-Gilliard dilatators. All patients with a gastrojejunal stricture were followed up for a minimum of 36 months. No recurrence was observed and no revisional surgery was needed. Weight loss was similar in patients who developed an anastomotic stricture compared with those without stricture. In the antecolic group internal hernia occurred in 12 of the 110 with no closure of mesenteric defects and in 8 of the 462 (1.7%) with defects closed. In the retrocolic group, 11 patients (1.2%) developed an internal hernia.

CONCLUSIONS: A significant lower gastrojejunal stricture rate was observed in the retrocolic group, with no increased risk of internal hernia, when mesenteric defects were closed. The antecolic technique seems to be a risk factor for gastrojejunal stricture development after laparoscopic gastric bypass.

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