JOURNAL ARTICLE

Beta-casomorphin-7 prevents epithelial-mesenchymal transdifferentiation of NRK-52E cells at high glucose level: Involvement of AngII-TGF-β1 pathway

Wei Zhang, Shangxin Song, Fei Liu, Yi Liu, Yuanshu Zhang
Peptides 2015, 70: 37-44
25882007

BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia is the most important risk factor in the progression of renal fibrosis in diabetic kidney. Based on previous studies, β-casomorphin-7 may exert anti-fibrotic activities in diabetic rats. However, the role of β-casomorphin-7 in the pathogenesis of renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis remains unclear. Thus, this study was designed to investigate the protective effect of β-casomorphin-7 on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of NRK-52E cells treated under hyperglycemic condition and to explore the possible mechanism.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: NRK-52E cells were cultured in high glucose (30 mM) for 3 days. Different concentrations of β-casomorphin-7, naloxone (antagonist of opioid receptor) and losartan (antagonist of angiotensin II type I receptor) were added in the culture. Expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), E-cadherin, vimentin and cytokeratin19 mRNA were determined by real-time PCR. Protein levels of E-cadherin and α-SMA were analyzed by Western blotting. The concentrations of angiotensin (Ang) II and transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) in the culture medium were determined.

RESULTS: High glucose-induced up-regulation of vimentin mRNA and α-SMA mRNA and protein were significantly inhibited by β-casomorphin-7. On the contrary, high glucose-induced down-regulation of cytokeratin19 mRNA and E-cad mRNA and protein was significantly reversed by β-casomorphin-7. β-casomorphin-7 significantly alleviate high glucose induced increase of AngII and TGF-β1 in the culture. Moreover, losartan significantly attenuated the expression of TGF-β1 and EMT of NRK-52E cells treated under hyperglycemic condition. But naloxone did not affect the EMT of NRK-52E cells treated by high glucose and β-casomorphin-7.

CONCLUSION: We demonstrate that β-casomorphin-7 has the potential to inhibit high glucose-induced renal proximal tubular EMT partly by modulating AngII-TGF-β1 pathway, but not by opioid receptor.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25882007
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"