JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

The present situation and towards the prevention and control of neurocysticercosis on the tropical island, Bali, Indonesia

Toni Wandra, Kadek Swastika, Nyoman S Dharmawan, Ivan Elisabeth Purba, I Made Sudarmaja, Takahiko Yoshida, Yasuhito Sako, Munehiro Okamoto, Ni Luh Putu Eka Diarthini, Dewa Ayu Agus Sri Laksemi, Tetsuya Yanagida, Minoru Nakao, Akira Ito
Parasites & Vectors 2015, 8: 148
25881045
Neurocysticercosis (NCC), which is caused by accidental ingestion of eggs of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, was common in Bali, Indonesia until the early 1990s. However, improved education on hygiene and sanitation, a move to keeping pigs indoors, and improvement of economic and living conditions have substantially reduced the occurrence of NCC in Bali. Since 2011, T. solium tapeworm carriers (T. solium taeniasis) and heavily infected pigs and dogs have exclusively been detected from villages in mountainous regions of northeastern Bali where NCC and ocular cysticercosis (OCC) cases have also been identified. In response to this continued area of high infection, a one-day workshop was convened to discuss how to prevent and control this potentially lethal zoonotic parasitic infection in Bali. This review presents an overview of the current status of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis in Indonesia and proposes a strategy for the prevention and control of this zoonosis in Bali.

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