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Superiority of [68Ga]-DOTATATE PET/CT to Other Functional Imaging Modalities in the Localization of SDHB-Associated Metastatic Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma

Ingo Janssen, Elise M Blanchet, Karen Adams, Clara C Chen, Corina M Millo, Peter Herscovitch, David Taieb, Electron Kebebew, Hendrik Lehnert, Antonio T Fojo, Karel Pacak
Clinical Cancer Research 2015 September 1, 21 (17): 3888-95
25873086

PURPOSE: Patients with succinate dehydrogenase subunit B(SDHB) mutation-related pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma (PHEO/PGL) are at a higher risk for metastatic disease than other hereditary PHEOs/PGLs. Current therapeutic approaches are limited, but the best outcomes are based on the early and proper detection of as many lesions as possible. Because PHEOs/PGLs overexpress somatostatin receptor 2 (SSTR2), the goal of our study was to assess the clinical utility of [(68)Ga]-DOTA(0)-Tyr(3)-octreotate ([(68)Ga]-DOTATATE) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and to evaluate its diagnostic utility in comparison with the currently recommended functional imaging modalities [(18)F]-fluorodopamine ([(18)F]-FDA), [(18)F]-fluorodihydroxyphenylalanine ([(18)F]-FDOPA), [(18)F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose ([(18)F]- FDG) PET/CT as well as CT/MRI.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: [(68)Ga]-DOTATATE PET/CT was prospectively performed in 17 patients with SDHB-related metastatic PHEOs/PGLs. All patients also underwent [(18)F]-FDG PET/CT and CT/MRI, with 16 of the 17 patients also receiving [(18)F]-FDOPA and [(18)F]-FDA PET/CT scans. Detection rates of metastatic lesions were compared between all these functional imaging studies. A composite synthesis of all used functional and anatomical imaging studies served as the imaging comparator.

RESULTS: [(68)Ga]-DOTATATE PET/CT demonstrated a lesion-based detection rate of 98.6% [95% confidence interval (CI), 96.5%-99.5%], [(18)F]-FDG, [(18)F]-FDOPA, [(18)F]-FDA PET/CT, and CT/MRI showed detection rates of 85.8% (CI, 81.3%-89.4%; P < 0.01), 61.4% (CI, 55.6%-66.9%; P < 0.01), 51.9% (CI, 46.1%-57.7%; P < 0.01), and 84.8% (CI, 80.0%-88.5%; P < 0.01), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: [(68)Ga]-DOTATATE PET/CT showed a significantly superior detection rate to all other functional and anatomical imaging modalities and may represent the preferred future imaging modality in the evaluation of SDHB-related metastatic PHEO/PGL.

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