Activity of the novel dual phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor NVP-BEZ235 against osteosarcoma

Yun-Rong Zhu, Han Min, Jian-Feng Fang, Feng Zhou, Xiong-Wei Deng, Yun-Qing Zhang
Cancer Biology & Therapy 2015, 16 (4): 602-9
Recent studies have identified that constitutively active phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling is an important feature of osteosarcoma, where it promotes cell proliferation, survival, and chemo-resistance. Here, we studied the therapeutic potential of NVP-BEZ235, a novel dual PI3K/mTOR dual inhibitor, on osteosarcoma cells in vivo and in vitro. NVP-BEZ235 was cytotoxic and cytostatic to a panel of osteosarcoma lines (MG-63, U2OS and SaOs-2), where it induce apoptosis and cell-cycle arrest. At the molecular level, NVP-BEZ235 inhibited PI3K-AKT-mTORC1 activation and downregulated cyclin D1/cyclin B1 expressions, while increasing MEK/Erk phosphorylation in osteosarcoma cells. MEK/Erk inhibitors PD98059 and MEK-162 increased NVP-BEZ235 activity on osteosarcoma cells. In vivo, oral NVP-BEZ235 inhibited U2OS xenograft in SCID mice, and its anti-tumor efficiency was further enhanced by MEK-162 co-administration. Taken together, our findings indicate that dual inhibition of PI3K and mTOR with NVP-BEZ235, either alone or in combination with MEK/Erk inhibitors, may be an efficient treatment for osteosarcoma.

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