Production of poly(3-hydroxypropionate) and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxypropionate) from glucose by engineering Escherichia coli

De-Chuan Meng, Ying Wang, Lin-Ping Wu, Rui Shen, Jin-Chun Chen, Qiong Wu, Guo-Qiang Chen
Metabolic Engineering 2015, 29: 189-195
Poly(3-hydroxypropionate) (P3HP) is the strongest family member of microbial polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) synthesized by bacteria grown on 1,3-propandiol or glycerol. In this study synthesis pathways of P3HP and its copolymer P3HB3HP of 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) and 3-hydroxypropionate (3HP) were assembled respectively to allow their synthesis from glucose, a more abundant carbon source. Recombinant Escherichia coli was constructed harboring the P3HP synthetic pathway consisting of heterologous genes encoding glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gpd1), glycerol-3-P phosphatase (gpp2) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae that catalyzes formation of glycerol from glucose, and genes coding glycerol dehydratase (dhaB123) with its reactivating factors (gdrAB) from Klebsiella pneumoniae that transfer glycerol to 3-hydroxypropionaldehyde, as well as gene encoding propionaldehyde dehydrogenase (pdup) from Salmonella typhimurium which converts 3-hydroxypropionaldehyde to 3-hydroxypropionyl-CoA, together with the gene of PHA synthase (phaC) from Ralstonia eutropha which polymerizes 3-hydroxypropionyl-CoA into P3HP. When phaA and phaB from Ralstonia eutropha respectively encoding β-ketothiolase and acetoacetate reductase, were introduced into the above P3HP producing recombinant E. coli, copolymers poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxypropionate) (P3HB3HP) were synthesized from glucose as a sole carbon source. The above E. coli recombinants grown on glucose LB medium successfully produced 5g/L cell dry weight containing 18% P3HP and 42% P(3HB-co-84mol% 3HP), respectively, in 48h shake flask studies.

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