(18)F-choline PET/CT for early detection of metastases in biochemical recurrence following radical prostatectomy

Henrik Kjölhede, Göran Ahlgren, Helen Almquist, Fredrik Liedberg, Kerstin Lyttkens, Thomas Ohlsson, Ola Bratt
World Journal of Urology 2015, 33 (11): 1749-52

PURPOSE: Salvage radiotherapy (SRT) for biochemical recurrence (BCR) following radical prostatectomy (RP) should if possible be added at a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level of <1-2 ng/mL. The value of positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (PET/CT) at such low PSA values is not defined. The purpose was to determine what proportion of a well-defined cohort of hormone-naïve patients who were candidates for early salvage radiotherapy had (18)F-choline PET/CT findings suggesting metastases.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with untreated BCR following RP, PSA <2 ng/mL, and Gleason score ≥7 or PSA doubling time ≤6 months underwent (18)F-choline PET/CT. Focal choline uptake in lymph nodes or skeletal sites was recorded.

RESULTS: PET/CT indicated metastases in 16 (28 %) of 58 patients. In five (9 %) patients, the scans suggested bone metastases, and in 11 (19 %) patients, the scans suggested regional lymph node metastases only. For patients with PSA levels <1.0 ng/mL, the PET/CT scans indicated metastatic recurrence in 25 %.

CONCLUSIONS: (18)F-choline PET/CT may be valuable for selecting patients with BCR following RP for SRT or experimental treatment of oligometastases, even at low PSA values.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"