Long-term outcome of native tissue reconstructive vaginal surgery for advanced pelvic organ prolapse at 86 months: Hysterectomy versus hysteropexy

Tsia-Shu Lo, Leng Boi Pue, Tai-Ho Hung, Pei-Ying Wu, Yiap Loong Tan
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 2015, 41 (7): 1099-107

AIM: To evaluate and compare the long-term outcome of sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSF) in combination with various other compartment defect native tissue repairs with hysterectomy or hysteropexy.

METHODS: Medical records of 159 patients who underwent surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) between April 2004 and August 2008 were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were assessed at baseline and at 5-year postoperative follow-up. SSF, anterior (AC) and posterior colporrhaphy (PC), both with and without hysterectomy, were performed. Primary outcome was objective cure (POP quantification system [POP-Q] ≤1) and subjective cure (negative response to questions 2 and 3 on Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory 6 [POPDI-6]). Subanalysis was done on patients who had uterus preserved compared with those with vaginal hysterectomy.

RESULTS: Postoperative data were available for 146 patients: 120 in the hysterectomy group and 26 in the hysteropexy group. Mean age, parity, postmenopausal status and mean operating time in the hysterectomy group were significantly higher than in the hysteropexy group. At median follow-up of 86 months, objective cure at overall compartments for all patients was 67.8%, and for subjective cure, this was 64.4%. There was no difference in the adjusted odds ratio for objective and subjective cure rates in both groups, but the hysterectomy group had a significantly lower mean total POPDI-6 score.

CONCLUSION: SSF plus AC and PC have a low reoperation rate despite a moderate success rate at 7-year follow-up. There was no difference in the adjusted objective, subjective success rates and sexual function between sacrospinous hysteropexy and hysterectomy. The hysterectomy group, however, had fewer bothersome prolapse symptoms.

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