Eat Smart, Live Strong intervention increases fruit and vegetable consumption among low-income older adults

James C Hersey, Sheryl C Cates, Jonathan L Blitstein, Katherine M Kosa, Olga J Santiago Rivera, Dawn A Contreras, Valerie A Long, Anita Singh, Danielle A Berman
Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics 2015, 34 (1): 66-80
This study evaluated the impact of a four-session interactive nutrition education program-Eat Smart, Live Strong (ESLS)-on the consumption of fruit and vegetables by low-income older adults. A pre-post quasi-experimental design study was conducted with a longitudinal sample of 614 low-income Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants and those eligible for SNAP, aged 60 to 80 years, in 17 intervention and 16 comparison senior centers in Michigan. The study compared participants' self-reports of their consumption of fruit and vegetables using a modified version of the University of California Cooperative Extension Food Behavior Checklist. ESLS increased participants' average daily consumption of fruit by 0.2 cups (P < 0.05) and vegetables by 0.31 cups (P < 0.01). ESLS, a four-session, cognitive-behavioral nutrition education program is an effective curriculum for helping low-income older adults eat more fruit and vegetables.

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