JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Pituitary tumor apoplexy

Philip C Johnston, Amir H Hamrahian, Robert J Weil, Laurence Kennedy
Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia 2015, 22 (6): 939-44
25800143
We review the etiology, investigations, management and outcomes of pituitary tumor apoplexy. Pituitary tumor apoplexy is a clinical syndrome which typically includes the acute onset of headache and/or visual disturbance, cranial nerve palsy and partial or complete endocrine dysfunction. It is associated with either infarction or hemorrhage of a pre-existing pituitary adenoma and is associated with significant morbidity and potential fatality. Not all patients will present with classic signs and symptoms, therefore it is pertinent to appreciate the clinical spectrum in which this condition can present.

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