English Abstract
Journal Article
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

[Vesicovaginal fistula. Incidence, etiology and phenomenology in Germany].

BACKGROUND: Vesicovaginal fistulae are much more common in developing countries along the equatorial fistula belt than in industrialized countries. However, although the classical obstetric fistula caused by lack of medical support through pregnancy and delivery in adolescent primiparae has almost vanished in Germany, we are now facing new and predominantly iatrogenic variants. Increasing frequency of gynecological surgery as well as pelvic radiation, forgotten vaginal foreign bodies, or uninhibited cancer growth are the modern causes for vesicovaginal fistula in elderly patients. Comorbidities and genital atrophy impair surgical therapy in view of a limited success rate of conservative transient transurethral catheterization.

METHODS: Diagnostics should start early and should be initially limited to vaginal inspection, cystourethroscopy, and the blue dye test. Radiological investigations including CT and MRI are only indicated in patients suspicious for ureterovaginal fistula or with inconclusive findings or malignant fistula. The surgical armamentarium comprises vaginal, abdominal, and combined approaches, which all underlie basic principles of fistula repair: protection of the ureteral orifices, complete excision of the fistula canal, accurate separation of the organs connected to the fistula, sufficient tissue mobilization for tension-free suturing, interposition of padding material for prevention of recurrency.

CONCLUSION: Depending on the degree of sphincter damage, stress urinary incontinence might persist despite successful fistula repair, requiring further incontinence surgery or ultimate urinary diversion in recurrent cases that are hopeless.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app