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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum (JSCCR) Guidelines 2014 for treatment of colorectal cancer

Toshiaki Watanabe, Michio Itabashi, Yasuhiro Shimada, Shinji Tanaka, Yoshinori Ito, Yoichi Ajioka, Tetsuya Hamaguchi, Ichinosuke Hyodo, Masahiro Igarashi, Hideyuki Ishida, Soichiro Ishihara, Megumi Ishiguro, Yukihide Kanemitsu, Norihiro Kokudo, Kei Muro, Atsushi Ochiai, Masahiko Oguchi, Yasuo Ohkura, Yutaka Saito, Yoshiharu Sakai, Hideki Ueno, Takayuki Yoshino, Narikazu Boku, Takahiro Fujimori, Nobuo Koinuma, Takayuki Morita, Genichi Nishimura, Yuh Sakata, Keiichi Takahashi, Osamu Tsuruta, Toshiharu Yamaguchi, Masahiro Yoshida, Naohiko Yamaguchi, Kenjiro Kotake, Kenichi Sugihara
International Journal of Clinical Oncology 2015, 20 (2): 207-39
25782566
Colorectal cancer is a major cause of death in Japan, where it accounts for the largest number of deaths from malignant neoplasms among women and the third largest number among men. Many new methods of treatment have been developed during recent decades. The Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum Guidelines 2014 for treatment of colorectal cancer (JSCCR Guidelines 2014) have been prepared as standard treatment strategies for colorectal cancer, to eliminate treatment disparities among institutions, to eliminate unnecessary treatment and insufficient treatment, and to deepen mutual understanding among health-care professionals and patients by making these guidelines available to the general public. These guidelines have been prepared as a result of consensuses reached by the JSCCR Guideline Committee on the basis of careful review of evidence retrieved by literature searches and taking into consideration the medical health insurance system and actual clinical practice in Japan. They can, therefore, be used as a guide for treating colorectal cancer in clinical practice. More specifically, they can be used as a guide to obtaining informed consent from patients and choosing the method of treatment for each patient. As a result of the discussions of the Guideline Committee, controversial issues were selected as clinical questions, and recommendations were made. Each recommendation is accompanied by a classification of the evidence and a classification of recommendation categories, on the basis of consensus reached by Guideline Committee members. Here we present the English version of the JSCCR Guidelines 2014.

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