JOURNAL ARTICLE

Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (VEGFR-TKI) rechallenge for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma after treatment failure using both VEGFR-TKI and mTOR inhibitor

Inkeun Park, Jae-Lyun Lee, Jin-Hee Ahn, Dae-Ho Lee, Kyoo-Hyung Lee, Dalsan You, In Gab Jeong, Cheryn Song, Bumsik Hong, Jun Hyuk Hong, Hanjong Ahn
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 2015, 75 (5): 1025-35
25776906

PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (VEGFR-TKI) rechallenge for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients and to identify predictive factors for increased progression-free survival (PFS) or overall survival (OS).

METHODS: The clinicopathological features, outcomes, and prognostic factors of mRCC patients who were treated with VEGFR-TKI after treatment failure using both VEGFR-TKIs and mTOR inhibitors (mTORi) were reviewed.

RESULTS: A total of 29 eligible patients were included. Five (17 %) patients achieved partial response (PR) with a median response duration of 9.5 months (95 % CI 5.7-13.4 months), and additional 16 patients (55 %) achieved stable disease. With a median follow-up period of 19.2 months (95 % CI 18.9-19.6 months), the median PFS and OS were 3.0 months (95 % CI 1.1-4.9 months) and 4.9 months (95 % CI 2.9-6.8 months), respectively. In univariate analysis, the best response to first-line VEGFR-TKI (PR vs. non-PR, p < 0.001) and time to rechallenge (TTR, ≤12 months vs. between 12 and 24 months vs. >24 months, p = 0.005) were identified as predictive factors for longer PFS on VEGFR-TKI rechallenge. In addition, an MSKCC risk group (intermediate- vs. poor-risk group, p = 0.027), better response at first-line VEGFR-TKI (PR vs. non-PR, p = 0.003), and TTR (≤12 months vs. between 12 and 24 months vs. >24 months, p = 0.026) were identified as prognostic factors for longer OS.

CONCLUSIONS: VEGFR-TKI rechallenge may be a viable option for select metastatic RCC patients who fail both VEGFR-TKI and mTORi therapies.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
25776906
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"