Time-lapse monitoring of zona pellucida-free embryos obtained through in vitro fertilization: a retrospective case series

Daniel Bodri, Ryutaro Kato, Masae Kondo, Naoko Hosomi, Yoshinari Katsumata, Satoshi Kawachiya, Tsunekazu Matsumoto
Fertility and Sterility 2015, 103 (5): e35

OBJECTIVE: To report time-lapse monitoring of human oocytes in which the damaged zona pellucida was removed, producing zona-free (ZF) oocytes that were cultured until the blastocyst stage in time-lapse incubators.

DESIGN: Retrospective case series.

SETTING: Private infertility clinic.

PATIENT(S): Infertile patients (n = 32) undergoing minimal ovarian stimulation or natural cycle IVF treatment between October 2012 and June 2014.

INTERVENTION(S): Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) fertilization of ZF oocytes, prolonged embryo culture in time-lapse incubators, elective vitrification, and subsequent single vitrified-thawed blastocyst transfer (SVBT).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Rate of fertilization, cleavage and blastocyst development, live-birth rate per SVBT cycle.

RESULT(S): In spite of advanced maternal age (39 ± 4.2; range, 30-46 years), good fertilization (94%), cleavage (94%), and blastocyst development rates (38%) were reached after fertilization and culturing of ZF oocytes/embryos. All thawed ZF blastocysts survived, and up to this date seven SVBT transfers were performed, yielding three (43%) term live births with healthy newborns.

CONCLUSION(S): Time-lapse imagery gives a unique insight into the dynamics of embryo development in ZF embryos. Moreover, our case series demonstrate that an oocyte with a damaged zona pellucida that has been removed could be successfully fertilized with ICSI, cultured until blastocyst stage in a time-lapse incubator and vitrified electively for subsequent use.

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