Cyclosporin A upregulates ETB receptor in vascular smooth muscle via activation of mitogen-activating protein kinases and NF-κB pathways

Jian-Pu Zheng, Zhuoan Cheng, Jiaye Jiang, Yan Ke, Zongjun Liu
Toxicology Letters 2015 May 19, 235 (1): 1-7
Hypertension is one of the most frequent complications of solid organ transplantation, and cyclosporin A (CsA) plays a predominant role in the pathophysiology of post-transplant hypertension. However, the exact molecular mechanisms of CsA-induced hypertension remain obscure. We previously showed that CsA increased the mRNA expression and contractile function of endothelin B (ETB) receptor in vascular smooth muscle cells. The present study was designed to investigate the underlying mechanisms of CsA-induced upregulation of ETB receptor in vasculature. Rat mesenteric arteries were incubated with CsA in an organ culture system, and results showed that CsA enhanced ETB receptor mRNA in the time- and dose-dependent manner, and increased protein expression levels of ETB receptor after treatment with CsA 10(-5)M for 6h. Furthermore, CsA induced phosphorylation of extracellular regulated protein kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2), p38, and translocation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) p65 in vasculature. Blocking ERK1/2, p38, or NF-κB activation with their specific inhibitors markedly attenuated CsA-induced upregulation of ETB receptor mRNA expression and protein levels, and ETB receptor-mediated contraction. In summary, this study showed that mitogen-activating protein kinases (ERK1/2 and p38) and the downstream transcriptional factor NF-κB pathways were involved in CsA-induced upregulation of ETB receptor in arterial smooth muscle cells.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"