Treatment with prolonged-release oxycodone/naloxone improves pain relief and opioid-induced constipation compared with prolonged-release oxycodone in patients with chronic severe pain and laxative-refractory constipation

Jan Poelaert, Gineke Koopmans-Klein, Alioune Dioh, Frédéric Louis, Mayken Gorissen, David Logé, Joeri Van Op den Bosch, Yvonne J B van Megen
Clinical Therapeutics 2015 April 1, 37 (4): 784-92

PURPOSE: Laxative-refractory opioid-induced constipation (OIC) is defined as OIC despite using 2 laxatives with a different mechanism of action (based on the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System level 4 term [contact laxatives, osmotically acting laxatives, softeners/emollients, enemas, and others]). OIC has a significant impact on the treatment and quality of life of patients with severe chronic pain. This noninterventional, observational, real-life study in Belgium investigated the efficacy of prolonged-release oxycodone/naloxone combination (PR OXN) treatment regarding pain relief and OIC compared with previous prolonged-release oxycodone (PR OXY) treatment for laxative-refractory OIC in daily clinical practice.

METHODS: Laxative-refractory OIC patients with severe chronic pain were treated with PR OXN for 12 weeks (3 visits). Pain relief (assessed on a numerical rating scale) and OIC (assessed by using the Bowel Function Index [BFI]) were evaluated at each visit. A responder was defined as a patient who had: (1) no worsening of pain at the last visit compared with visit 1 or a numerical rating scale ≤4 at visit 3/last visit; and (2) a reduction in BFI ≥12 units at visit 3/last visit compared with visit 1; or (3) a BFI ≤28.8 at visit 3/last visit.

FINDINGS: Sixty-eight laxative-refractory OIC patients with severe chronic pain (mean (sd) age 59.8 (13.3) years, 67.6% female and 91.2% non-malignant pain) were treated for 91 days with PR OXN (median daily dose, 20 mg). Treatment with PR OXN resulted in a significant and clinically relevant decrease of pain of 2.1 units (P < 0.001; 95% CI, 1.66-2.54) and of BFI by 48.5 units (P < 0.001; 95% CI, 44.4-52.7) compared with PR OXY treatment; use of laxatives was also significantly reduced (P < 0.001). Approximately 95% of patients were responders, and quality of life (as measured by using the EQ-5D) improved significantly. Adverse events were opioid related, and PR OXN treatment was well tolerated.

IMPLICATIONS: Treatment with PR OXN resulted in a significant and clinically relevant reduction in OIC compared with previous PR OXY treatment for these patients with severe chronic pain and laxative-refractory OIC. Treatment with PR OXN also resulted in a significant improvement in pain relief and quality of life. identifier: NCT01710917.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"