Why are U.S. girls getting meningococcal but not human papilloma virus vaccines? Comparison of factors associated with human papilloma virus and meningococcal vaccination among adolescent girls 2008 to 2012

Rebecca B Perkins, Mengyun Lin, Rebecca A Silliman, Jack A Clark, Amresh Hanchate
Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health 2015, 25 (2): 97-104

BACKGROUND: Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination rates in the United States remain low, compared with other recommended adolescent vaccines. We compared factors associated with intention to receive and receipt of HPV and meningococcal vaccines and completion of the HPV vaccine series among U.S. adolescent girls.

METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from the National Immunization Survey-Teen for 2008 through 2012 was performed. Multivariable logistic modeling was used to determine factors associated with intent to receive and receipt of HPV and meningococcal vaccination, completion of the HPV vaccine series among girls who started the series, and receipt of HPV vaccination among girls who received meningococcal vaccination.

FINDINGS: Provider recommendation increased the odds of receipt and intention to receive both HPV and meningococcal vaccines. Provider recommendation was also associated with a three-fold increase in HPV vaccination among girls who received meningococcal vaccination (p<.001), indicating a relationship between provider recommendation and missed vaccine opportunities. However, White girls were 10% more likely to report provider recommendation than Black or Hispanic girls (p<.01), yet did not have higher vaccination rates, implying a role for parental refusal. No factors predicted consistently the completion of the HPV vaccine series among those who started.

CONCLUSION: Improving provider recommendation for co-administration of HPV and meningococcal vaccines would reduce missed opportunities for initiating the HPV vaccine series. However, different interventions may be necessary to improve series completion.

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