Age-specific risk of breast cancer in women with neurofibromatosis type 1

O O Seminog, M J Goldacre
British Journal of Cancer 2015 April 28, 112 (9): 1546-8

BACKGROUND: Young women with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) are reported to have a higher risk of breast cancer than others, and this might have implications for screening programmes. Our aim was to calculate this risk.

METHODS: An all-England linked data set of hospital admissions and deaths was analysed to determine age-specific rates of breast cancer in women with NF1 and controls.

RESULTS: The age-specific excess risk of breast cancer, comparing the NF1 cohort with the control cohort, was elevated 6.5-fold (95% confidence interval 2.6-13.5) in women aged 30-39 years. There was a 4.4 (2.5-7.0) times higher risk among women aged 40-49.

CONCLUSIONS: Women with NF1 develop breast cancer at younger ages than the general population.

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